Chicago Tribune and Chicago Tribune Historical Archive

While the PSC Library subscribes to the Chicago Tribune in print, you may not know that we also provide access to the Chicago Tribune and Chicago Tribune Historical Archive databases, where you can search for and read the text of articles going all the way back to 1849. This can be a great resource for research on topics involving local history or even of how national stories were reflected in the Midwest at the time. You can also just read the articles from today’s issue of the paper.

Although most articles available through the PSC Library can be found through OneSearch, the Chicago Tribune databases are some of the few exceptions, due to lack of cooperation from the companies holding the publication rights to the Tribune. Because of that, you’ll need to search for these articles separately. To enter either database, go to the library website and click on “Find,” then on “All Databases.”

find all databases

Then either click on C (for Chicago Tribune) or scroll down to the Cs in the alphabetical list:



At this point you have a choice between three options, either the Chicago Tribune database, which gives you access to articles from between 1985 and today, with a prominent link to today’s issue:


Or you have the option of the Chicago Tribune Historical Archive for articles from 1849 to 1993:


Or you can search all Tribune combined content:


Once you’ve found an article, you have the usual variety of tools available in most databases, for citing, emailing, and saving articles. As an example, here is the citation tool, which pops up when you click on the “Cite” link on the top-right of the screen.


You can then copy and paste that citation text to include in your assignment. Be aware that by default it uses APA 6th ed. citations. You can change that by using the drop down box for citation style, selecting your preferred style, and clicking on the “Change” button.

As always, your PSC librarians are happy to help you use the functions of any of these databases and tools and to help you search and critically think about information!


Cahokia Mounds

Looking for a weekend trip? Want to visit a World Heritage site? How about the third largest pyramid base in the world? You do not even have to leave Illinois.

Cahokia Central Plaza

Cahokia Mounds, located in what is now St. Clair County, Illinois, was the largest pre-Columbian indigenous city north of Mexico. Built where the Missouri River feeds into the Mississippi, the city was a principal trade hub that connected peoples and goods from Canada to Appalachia to Mexico. At its most populated, Cahokia reached 40,000 inhabitants, a population not matched in the U.S. until the late 18th century. At the time, approximately 1,100 C.E., it was one of the most populated cities in the world, greater than major European cities like London and Paris.

Today, Cahokia stands as a testament to the sophistication of indigenous people. A UNESCO World Heritage site, the settlement complex is an architectural marvel. Covering over 6.5 square miles, Cahokia contains 120 earthen mounds, with additional satellite sites, serving religious, political, and social purposes. Located in a flood plain, the site had to be drained and many tons of rock and soil had to be moved to construct the plazas and mounds. The principal structure, Monk’s Mound covers over an immense 14 acres, making it the largest earthen structure and the third largest pyramid base in the world, rivaled only by the Sun Pyramid in Teotihuacán and the Great Pyramid in Cholula, Mexico.

Much is left to be discovered about Cahokia. An active archaeological site, researchers are re-discovering cultural, economic, social, and religious artifacts. We are constantly expanding our understanding of the land’s first people.

What can you discover?


Barnes, Ian. The Historical Atlas of Native Americans. Edison, N.J. : Chartwell Books, 2009.

Johnson, Michael, and Richard Hook. Encyclopedia of Native Tribes of North America. Buffalo, New York : Firefly Books Inc., 2014.

Kehoe, Alice Beck. “Cahokia, the Great City.” OAH Magazine Of History 27, no. 4 (October 2013): 17. MasterFILE Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed July 5, 2016).


Original Source Documents: Black Thought & Culture

The Black Thought and Culture database from Alexander Street Press is an impressive electronic resource that gathers together writings and information on a large number of important black thinkers and cultural figures. It includes major works by Frederick Douglass, Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey, Sammy Davis Jr., Ida B. Wells, Nikki Giovanni, Mary McLeod Bethune, Audre Lord, A. Philip Randolph, Amiri Baraka, Ralph Ellison, Langston Hughes, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Bayard Rustin, and many, many others.

A large amount of the material you can find in this particular database is previously unpublished or hard to find. Some of this includes the entire run of the Black Panther  newspaper, a transcript of the trial of Muhammad Ali, and many oral histories and interviews with musicians and artists.

If you want to search quickly for a particular author or topic, you can click can mouse over the “Find” menu and click on either “Sources” or “Authors.”

The Find - or advanced search screen

You can also get a year-by-year list of documents by mousing over “Browse” and then clicking on “Years.”

browse by historical events

You can also search by authors, keywords, and more using the this database’s advanced search, which you can find simply by mousing over “Search” and then clicking on “Advanced,” though you can certainly use the simple search if you don’t need all the extra options!

advanced search options

Be sure to ask your librarians if you have any questions about finding anything!

Constitution Day is September 17th!

constitution-62943_640On September 17th, we celebrate another year since the signing of the U.S. constitution. But do you know about the history and significance of the Constitution?


Before the U.S. Constitution came in to existence, the thirteen original colonies (first states) were governed loosely under the Articles of Confederation, our first constitution. However, due to several weakness of the Articles of Confederation, all the states called for a meeting to discuss changes to be made, eventually recreating a whole new Constitution.  This meeting took place in Philadelphia during the summer of 1787, and was attended by thirty nine delegates from thirteen of the states (National Constitution Center). After extensive deliberations, the U.S. Constitution was signed on September 17th, 1787. However, even though it was signed, it did not come into effect until the required number of states ratified the constitution, or accepted it in their individual states (National Constitution Center). The Bill of Rights, which protect certain freedoms from government encroachment, were not originally part of the Constitution and were added later.


So why is the Constitution important? The U.S. Constitution is important because it not only establishes and sets out a framework for the role and scope of the federal government, but also protects our basic freedoms that every person has and that cant be taken from them (National Constitution Center).

Did You Know? : Some Interesting Facts 

  • The U.S. Constitution is the oldest written constitution.
  • The oldest delegate at the convention (meeting) was Benjamin Franklin, who was 81 at the time.

Check out some additional facts at the Constitution Center website.

Want to learn more about the Constitution? Check out some of the books listed below that are available in the library:


Referenced works

“About.” Constitution Day. National Constitution Center, n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2014.

“10 Fast Facts on the Constitution.” Constitution Day. National Constitution Center, n.d. Web. 4 Sept. 2014.

The Cost of Freedom


This Friday we celebrate Independence Day and the declaration that the Colonies would no longer be colonies and instead would be their own Independent States, free of the King’s Tyranny. Thomas Jefferson then set about to write up a list of grievances against the rule of the King among them taxation without the consent of the people and deprivation of trial by jury. The freedom won by the States is that of vigilance and the necessity of each citizen to be informed of the issues concerning the States and their governance. This vigilance is the cost of freedom. It carries on these eleven score and eighteen years.

1936 Faulkner Mural

“… Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, –That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it… when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government”

Declaration of Independence

 It is the duty of the citizenry to be vigilant of the Government, to insure that it is derived from the consent of the people. As we celebrate with fireworks, watermelon, and hot dogs let us remember our Duty to this country to speak up, speak out, and educate ourselves. The above link is to the transcript of the Declaration of Independence on the website of the National Archives. Check out what the Founding Fathers were doing, what the document says, and what it means 238 years later.

If you were to write a list of grievances to the “King” this week, what would they be?

The History of Deadwood: Told through Library Resources


Recently I’ve been rewatching the HBO original program, Deadwood which you can order to the Library for free here. Doing so made me wonder how much of the show was true and how much was made up by the show’s creator, David Milch.  With this in mind I went to the Library’s resources with the research goal of uncovering Deadwood’s history. The first place I started was OneSearch.

When I submitted the search I found out that the Library has a bunch of eBooks on the subject, two of which are talking about the TV show, the other, Old Deadwood Days by Estelline Bennett is a first-hand account of growing up in Deadwood, which was written by the daughter of a Judge who was friends with the lead protagonist of the show, Seth Bullock.

While finding the eBooks was great, I did want to look at some actual print books in the Library, so I refined and added some new searches to the mix. The first thing I did was broaden my search to the “Black Hills which was the area that Deadwood was located in. Doing so allowed me to find The Lakotas and the Black Hills, a book on the struggle between the Sioux Native Americans and the settlers that claimed the land around Deadwood. Next I tried researching some of the historical personas that were represented to which I found an autobiography on Calamity Jane. And finally, I broaden my search even more by typing “wild west” into the search box.

Next I looked through my results list for articles. In it I found two really good articles from magazines and one from an academic journal.

Real Men of Deadwood History in Towns Deadwood, SD AJ

With these articles in addition to my books I feel that I have a firm foundation to begin to read up on the topic of Deadwood. After I finish I may want to go back and try out searches on other databases such as Harper Weekly (a weekly magazine that has articles dating back to 1857). There I will be able to find actual articles on Deadwood that were being printed during the timeline covered by the show. I may also want to venture off and try out some websites like official website for the Adam’s Museum (museum located in Deadwood dedicated to the town’s history) or some videos on YouTube.

This is an example of ways to perform research. When the time comes around to begin research on your own unique topic, stop by the Reference Desk in the Library and a Librarian will be happy to help you out.

For more research help check out these posts

Women’s History: A Legacy for the Future

March is a month beaming with historical pride and cultural celebrations .  Not only have we come to accept it as the gateway to a new season, but as the birthing of “new” day.  Born are not just the leaves and the flowers, but the American spirit that has been forged by the great works of those throughout history.  This includes the works of phenomenal women who have become pioneers and leaders in fields that were once dominated by men. Their works have become a launching pad for future generations to soar into new heights. During the month of March, we celebrate their remarkable accomplishments:

1849 Elizabeth Blackwell receives her M.D. degree from the Medical Institution of Geneva, N.Y., becoming the first woman in the U.S. with a medical degree.

1869 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony organize the National Woman Suffrage Association to fight for women’s rights, especially the right to vote. More than a century later, Anthony was honored when the U.S. Mint created a coin using her image.

1872 Victoria Claflin Woodhull becomes the first woman presidential candidate in the United States when she is nominated by the National Radical Reformers.

1885 Sarah E. Goode becomes the first African-American woman to receive a patent, for a bed that folded up into a cabinet. Goode, who owned a furniture store in Chicago, intended the bed to be used in apartments.

1916 Jeannette Rankin, of Montana, is the first woman to be elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

1932 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic, traveling from Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, to Ireland in approximately 15 hours.

1970 Diane Crump becomes the first female jockey to ride in the Kentucky Derby.

1981 Sandra Day O’Connor is appointed by President Reagan to the Supreme Court, making her its first woman justice.

1983 Dr. Sally K. Ride becomes the first American woman to be sent into space.

2005 Hillary Clinton becomes the first First Lady to be elected to public office. She joins Congress as a U.S. Senator from New York.

2009 Sonia Sotomayor is nominated as the 111th U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Sotomayor becomes the first Hispanic American and only the third woman to serve on the nation’s top court.

For more information on famous women in history, stop by PSC Library and check out some of the titles that we have on display:

Check This Book Out! Jungleland by Christopher Stewart

Check out the NEW BOOKS SHELF in the Library for some titles that have recently been added to our collection. Featured this week is Jungleland: a mysterious lost city, a WWII spy, and a true story of deadly adventure, a tale of a rollicking adventure through Honduras by Wall Street Journal editor Christopher Stewart.  In this harrowing tale of the search for the “cursed” White City, Stewart traces the footsteps of American spy Theodore Morde by following his journal down the Rio Patuca. Stewart tests not only the jungle, but himself. If you liked The Lost City of Z  or Lost in Shangri-La then this tale will captivate you as well.

You can find Jungleland along with any of these other titles listed below on the NEW BOOKS SHELF this month.

Staff Favorite: Vikings, Iceland, and Northlanders


Northlanders: The Icelandic Trilogy
written by Brian Wood
illustrated by Massimo Carnevale
located in the Graphic Novel Shelves (GN WOO)

Brian Wood has always been a favorite writer of mine from the moment I read the first volume of his near future series DMZ, where civil war in the United States has transformed Manhattan into a demilitarized zone (hence the name of the title). So when I learned that he was writing a historical fiction series about Vikings, I couldn’t have been more excited. Over its entire run (collected in seven volumes) Northlanders explored self-contained tales of Vikings from the perspective of conquers or those being conquered by the north men. Last year, the last volume of the series came out and from my stand point it may be one of the best things written, ever. This arc, entitled The Icelandic Trilogy, examines the four generations of the Hauksson family, who came to Iceland before it was inhabited, and in their time established a system of power, through what would now be considered an organized crime. And the payoff could not have been any better. The sweeping epic examines the struggle with Christianity, war with rival families, and the eventuality that all wars, be they for money, power, or prestige, must come to an end regardless of struggle.  I, being a fan of seeing the rise and fall of people in power, really appreciated that aspect of the story, but what is really unique to this story is its setting, Iceland and the rich history of blood feuds, land barons, and king-lessness that propagate its founding which we have come to know through its sagas.

Continue reading after the jump for more on Northlanders: The Icelandic Trilogy and how it ties into Icelandic History

Continue reading “Staff Favorite: Vikings, Iceland, and Northlanders”

Just Browsing

Just BrowsingI love to go to the library. Really go, not just log in from home or my phone. Of course I do that too, but here is one big reason I go — browsing. I just love what I find when I’m browsing the shelves. It may be something new to intrigue, something old and forgotten or something I wouldn’t have seen yesterday because it didn’t occur to me until this morning!

Here’s what I found today.

Continue reading “Just Browsing”